With the highly competitive nature of athletics in children, parents are beginning to condition and train their children at their early ages. While conditioning for children is significant for athletic performances, it is crucial to ensure these junior athletes get safe, proper instructions to avoid injury and promote proper mechanics for their growing bodies. You just need to know how to approach well-designed programs for your child.
Physical Education Versus Physical Activity
Before you start a training program for your child, you need to learn the difference between physical education and physical activity. This is because it is important to include both. Based on the “National Association for Sport and Physical Education”( NASPE), physical activities refer to any type of bodily movements. The activities include movements like jumping rope, playing on the playground, raking leaves and much more.
NASPE gives recommendations that your child should participate an hour per day in physical activity which will raise the heart rate to cause heavy breathing. Physical education, on the other hand, is designed to offer appropriate instructions, learning opportunities, challenging and meaningful activities to children. NASPE recommends that elementary-aged kids should participate for around 3 hours and high school children should participate in around 4 hours of instructional education every week.
Children also need to participate in various activities that can enhance their performances based on their age level. Your kid requires a program that will definitely prevent injury and enhance proper mechanics to their growing body requirements.
Programs that have been poorly designed and those that may be too mature for children may inhibit future performance in athletics. For kids aged 2 – 5, just focus on activities like climbing, running, kicking, dancing, and so on. Children aged 6 – 7 have a longer span of attention and more coordination. Kids on this age level should start using organizational programs such as swimming, martial arts, and soccer. As children progress past the age of 8, any sport may be appropriate and now a gradual introduction into a training program can begin.
What Should the Training Program Incorporate?
There are quite number elements in a training program which is comprehensive. Proper flexibility and stretching exercises which strengthens muscles and increases range in the motion of joints. All muscles in the arms, legs, and torso need to be well stretched. Cardiorespiratory exercises which increase breathing rate due to a raised heart rate improve stamina and endurance. Exercises such as cycling, swimming, and running help to achieve this.
Activities that incorporate coordination and agility such as ladder drills, enhances joint preconception which gives children a proper sense of body position. Your child may benefit from free play activities that are unstructured which use self-creativity. It is important to have rest days in each and every training program. This allows muscles to rebuild and repair after being torn down during all kinds of exercises.
Benefits of an Athletic Training Program
Children reap many benefits from being introduced into a consistent training program. Some health benefits include reduced risk of getting diabetes and becoming overweight, a higher self-esteem, improved academic performance, and a reduced risk of anxiety and depression. Performance benefits may include better balance and coordination, proper muscle function and movement, and more speed and stamina.
Proper instruction training allows children to participate in several activities with meaningful content. This helps in developing cognitive concepts about fitness and motor skill.